Myanmar is the third-largest state on the Asian continent, with almost 680.000 sq km. Myanmar is double the size of Germany.
The 1600km long Ayeyarwady (Irrawaddy) River flows through the fertile plains of Central Myanmar from north to south. In the south, towards the Indian Ocean, it branches out into a vast delta. In the west, near Bangladesh and India, the 3.000m Arakan-Yoma-Mountain range frames the Central Burma Basin. In the north, the Kachin Mountains form the southern tip of the Himalayas close to the Chinese border. Here, Southeast Asia’s highest mountain is located, the 5.881m high Hkakabo Razi. Its melt water supplies the source of the Ayeyarwady.
As a tropical Asian monsoon country, Myanmar has many extremely different climate zones and seasonal characteristics, depending on region and sea level.
The rainy season lasts from the end of May until mid-September (maximum precipitation in June until August); high air humidity particularly affects coastal regions, with rainfall mostly in the afternoons and evenings. Travellers can usually prepare well for these rainfalls. Only few roads cannot be used at all. In Central Myanmar the climate generally remains drier, but also continuously hotter.
In the dry season, which lasts from October until May, winter is the cooler period. The best time to travel is from October until the end of March, during which time temperatures lie between 21-28 degrees. However, in the mountains (e.g. Kalaw Hill Station) there can even be frost at night.
The summer heat prevails from April/May. Depending on the region, temperatures can reach 35 degrees and over, but in the higher regions it is particularly pleasant.